Yenziwa Njani Ipetroli

Yenziwa njani ipetroli

Ipetroli yenziwe ngepetroleum esulungekileyo, kodwa le yinxenye yenkqubo. Esi sikhokelo sichaza indlela iimveliso zepetroleum eziguqulwa ngayo zibe yipetroli enokuthi isetyenziswe ngokufanelekileyo kwiinjini zokutsha zangaphakathi.

ukusulungekiswa kweoli

Ipetroleum esulungekisiweyo iveliswa kuqala ngokuqhekeza iihydrocarbons ukusuka kwiqhezu leoli ekrwada ngenkqubo eyaziwa ngokuba yifractional distillation. Oku kuvelisa iindidi ezahlukeneyo zolwelo, njengexylene, toluene, naphtha, kunye nepetroli. Ezi mveliso ziphinda zidityaniswe ukuvelisa amanye amaqhezu aphezulu epetroli, njengepetroli yemoto.

Imixube

Imixube iyisiphumo sokongezwa kweemveliso ezininzi, ezifana neoksijini, i-ethanol, kunye ne-hydrocarbons elula, kwisitya esinye ukuvelisa umxube owanelisayo. Le mixube ivelisa umgangatho wamafutha ophuculweyo nococekileyo, okuthetha ukuba amafutha avelisiweyo alula, asebenza kakuhle kwaye akhupha izinto ezikhutshwayo eziyingozi ezimbalwa. Le mixube ibekwe esweni ngononophelo ukuqinisekisa ukuba iyahlangabezana nemigangatho yongcoliseko yombuso.

iingenelo petroli

Ipetroli yenye yezona mafutha zibalaseleyo kwiinjini zokutsha zangaphakathi ngenxa yeempawu zayo:

  • Ukusebenza: I-petroli iqulethe amandla, akhululwa phantsi kolawulo oluyimfuneko ekusebenzeni kakuhle kwe-injini.
  • Uqoqosho: Ipetroli inexabiso eliphantsi ngokwexabiso lamafutha kwiyunithi nganye yamandla.
  • Kulula ukuyisebenzisa: I-petroli kulula ukuyisebenzisa ngenxa yeqondo eliphantsi lokubilisa kunye nexabiso eliphezulu le-calorific.

la gasolina es uno de los mejores combustibles para motores de combustión interna. El proceso de preparación de la gasolina consta de la mezcla cuidadosamente controlada de varios productos para formar un combustible eficiente de combustión limpia para mejorar la economía y el rendimiento del vehículo.

Uyithathaphi ipetroli?

Ipetroli yenye yezona zinto ziphuma kwipetroleum, umxube we-hydrocarbons (i-carbon kunye ne-hydrogen molekyuli) ephuma ekuboleni kwezityalo nezilwanyana eziphilayo, eziqokelelwe emazantsi olwandle namachibi, zingcwatywe phantsi koxinzelelo oluphezulu kunye namaqondo obushushu aphezulu. izigidi zeminyaka. Ngoko ke, ifunyenwe kwi-extraction yayo kwi-subsoil ngokusebenzisa iinkqubo zokugaya ioli yeoli. Lo mxube usulungekiswa kwaye uguqulwe ube yipetroli, idizili, izithambiso kunye nezinye izinto eziphuma kwipetroleum ukuze zisetyenziswe kwizicelo ezahlukeneyo.

Yintoni esetyenziselwa ukwenza i-petroli?

Ipetroli lulwelo olwenziwe ngumxube weehydrocarbons ezifumaneka ngenkqubo yokusulungekiswa kwe-oyile. Le nkqubo ibandakanya uthotho lwamanyathelo afana ne-distillation, i-hydrotreating, i-catalytic reforming, kunye nokudibanisa ukuvelisa umxube weentlobo ezahlukeneyo zamafutha. Lo mxube yinto esiwazi njengepetroli. Umxube wenzelwe ukwandisa ukusebenza kunye nokunciphisa ukukhutshwa okuyingozi kwi-injini yokutsha yangaphakathi. La mafutha enziwe ukuba ahambelane nemigangatho yongcoliseko evunywe ngumthetho wangoku.

Uyenza njani iGasoline

Ipetroli yenye yezona zinto zisetyenziswayo namhlanje. Nangona i-petroli iyimveliso yendalo, kufuneka icocwe ukuze ilungele ukusetyenziswa ezimotweni.

Ukucokiswa

Ukucokiswa kwepetroli kuqala ngokukhutshwa kweoli ekrwada. Amacandelo ahlukeneyo epetroleum ahlanjululwa kumaqondo obushushu ahlukeneyo. Oku kunokuvelisa iigesi kunye nezinye iinxalenye zokukhanya, ezifana ne-liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Ezi distillations zibizwa ngokuba ngamaqhezu athi ke adityaniswe ngokutsha ukwenza imveliso yokucokisa. La maqhezu aqulethe ezinye iikhompawundi eziyityhefu ezifana nebenzene.

Hlanganisa

Emva kokuba i-petroli icocwe, ixutywa namanye amacandelo. Ezi zixhobo zinceda ukuphucula ukutsha kunye nokuxuba umgangatho. Uninzi lwamacandelo asetyenziswa kumxube yi-ethanol, i-ethylene glycol kunye nemixube enuka kamnandi. Ezi khompawundi zongezwa ukuphucula ukutsha kunye nokunciphisa amanqanaba ongcoliseko.

Isikhongozelo

Emva kokuba i-petroli icocwe yaza yadityaniswa, ithunyelwa kubahambisi bepetroli. Ezi ke zizalise iitanki ukuthumela ipetroli kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zokuthengisa. Abanye abathengisi bongeza ezinye iikhompawundi ezifana nezicoci zokucoca ukuphucula umgangatho wepetroli.

Izinzuzo

Nangona i-petroli yenye yezona zinto zixhaphakileyo, zikwakho iinzuzo ezininzi zokuyisebenzisa. Ezi ziquka:

  • Amandla eCalorifikhi aphezulu – I-petroli inexabiso eliphezulu le-calorific, elithetha ukuba livelisa isixa esikhulu samandla ngeyunithi yesixa samafutha.
  • Kulula ukuthutha kunye nokugcina – Ipetroli ilula kwaye inexabiso eliphantsi ukuyithutha xa ithelekiswa namanye amafutha.
  • okusingqongileyo – Ipetroli ngamafutha acocekileyo, nto leyo ethetha ukuba inciphisa ungcoliseko lomoya xa kuthelekiswa namanye amafutha.

Usenokuba nomdla kulo mxholo unxulumeneyo:

  Yenziwa njani iNetherite
Iqela leTrucoteca 1999-2024

Iqela leTrucoteca 1999-2024

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